Lajos Kossuth University, Debrecen

We Franz Joseph I Emperor of Austria, King etc. of Bohemia and Apostolic King of Hungary.

The faithful members of the Upper House and House of Representatives of our favoured Hungary and fellow-countries have introduced, by common agreement, to our Majesty the following law for royal assent:


Two royal universities authorised with academic freedom are to be estabilished by gradual development in Pozsony and Debrecen.


After the enactment of this edict as law, at a date to be appointed by the Minister of religion and public education, the state hospital in Pozsony, and were in the meanwhile a public hospital suitable for the purpose of university education to be estabilished in Debrecen, and the free royal town of Debrecen tenders this to the state without compensation, then the latter, too, will be taken into the possession of the ministry of religion and public education as a complementary constituent of the medical faculty of the said university.

We acknowledge this edict as law, and everything comprised therein jointly and severally, as rightful, dear and confirmed, and, by virtue of our royal power, we hereby ratify, sanction and give royal assent to it, and will duly obey it Ourselves and have our Followers obey it likewise.
Dated in Bad-Ischle, on the seventh day of month of July in the year of Nineteen-twelve.

Franz Joseph


Debrecen was raised to the status of a burgh in 1361. With a population of 220,000 it now ranks as the second biggest of Hungary's cities.

Its position as an economic and cultural centre was guaranteed with the founding, in 1538, of the Calvinist College. This institution was in the forefront of educational and theological developments in this part of Europe and as such it became the cradle for the emergence of a distinct school of thought that was recognizably Hungarian in character. Nearly all of the College's professors had attended famous European universities such as Basel, Tübingen, Göttingen, Wittenberg and Utrecht, and they were later to become guardians of Hnungarian culture and keep it open to Europe among the storms of history so often shaking this region.

The success of the Calvinist College paved the way for establishment of a state universsity in 1912. This institution, which was founded on the example of the classic European universities, worked for a long time with four faculties - arts, medicine, law and theology. However for forty years now, medical doctors and clergy have been trained in separate institutions, while the university, now bearing the name of Lajos Kossuth, the country's great patriot and statesman, who was the leader of the country for a short time during the 1848 Hungarian Revolution, has retained two regular faculties: arts and science. With its two faculties, 3800 students (146 from abroad), 600 correspondence students, 500 teaching staff and 1000 other personnel, the university ranks fifth in size among the country's institutions of higher education.

397 staff members hold higher scientific degrees, 7 of them are members of the Academy and 28 are doctors of science. The main building of the university was completed in 1932, while the chemistry building, the mathematics building and the biology building were inaugurated in 1969, 1984 and 1993 respectively. These from the core of a campus which comprises at least 17 separate buildings.

Academic Structure of the Institution

Principal Academic Divisions:

Faculties: Since 1952 the university has had two faculties, the Faculty of Arts and the Faculty of Sciences. The 36 Departments of the Faculty of Arts are grouped around 7 Institutions (excluding 10 independent departments), while the 24 of the Faculty of Sciences are grouped around 5 Institutions.

a) Faculty of Arts

Major subjects: Hungarian Linguistics, Literature and Ethnography, General and Applied Linguistics, World Literature, Finno-Ugrian, Russian, English, German, French and Italian Literature and Linguistics, Chinese Culture and Contemporary World History, Hungarian History, Classical Philology, General and Educational Psychology, Adult and Continuing Education, Philosophy, Economics, Sociology, Political Science, Performing Skills and Drama.

b) Faculty of Sciences

Major subjects: Mathematics, Theoretical and Applied Information Science, Experimental, Theoretical and Solid State Physics, Isotope Applications, Organic, Physical, Applied, Colloid, Inorganic and Analitycal Chemistry, Biochemistry, Ecology, Botany, Evolutionary Zoology and Anthropology, Genetics, Social, Physical and Applied Landscape Geography, Mineralogy and Geology, Mereorology.

Principal Research Centers or Institutes

Departments which have research laboratories:

Other units:

Centre for Foreign Languages, Audio-Visual Centre, Kindergarden, Nursery, Demonstration Primary School, Demonstration Secondary School, Distance Learning Centre.